[The Best] How to Transcribe Music: The Ultimate Guide | what does it mean to transcribe music – Cazzette

what does it mean to transcribe music: Is it the article you might be in search of?

A step-by-step tutorial on how to transcribe and analyze music

What you’ll have by the top of this put up:

  • The greatest music transcription software program and instruments
  • A step-by-step information to notating music by ear
  • Techniques for evaluation from Gordy Haab and eight-bit Music Theory
  • A helpful guidelines for transcribing music

In this weblog put up, we’ll go over a number of the best methods to transcribe and analyze music taken straight from consultants like 8-bit Music Theory and Gordy Haab (composer of the Battlefront I and II video games).

I’ll then present you ways to apply these strategies via a step-by-step transcription and evaluation of the Map Theme from Yoshi’s Island.

What does transcribe mean?

Music transcription is the follow of notating, replicating, or in any other case committing to reminiscence current items of music. Transcription in music can apply to melodies, chords, basslines, full orchestral preparations, and extra.

There are sure “tiers” of transcription, equivalent to notating a chord chart, a lead sheet, or a full rating.

We’ll get into plenty of these on this put up.

How do you transcribe music?

Before the web, the one approach musicians may transcribe was with pen, paper, an instrument, and a CD participant (or report participant!).

The musician would play again a chunk or portion of a chunk after which try to recreate it on their instrument.

Then, these notes could be dedicated to paper: both onto a proper workers paper or just the again of a serviette.

Nowadays, there are tons of instruments and software program accessible to make transcription straightforward.

Specifically:

  • Notation software program – which makes enhancing and formatting sheet music quick and straightforward
  • Slow-down software program which slows down music whereas sustaining pitch, making it simpler to discern musical components
  • Automatic transcription software program which makes an attempt to analyze audio knowledge to mechanically detect pitches. Note that the majority severe transcribers discover this technique considerably inaccurate and like to transcribe manually

Transcription Software And Tools

Paper & Pen

If you don’t have a pc (or need to channel your interior Mozart), you could possibly go previous-faculty and do the paper and pen technique.

I don’t advocate this for absolute novices, however everybody ought to sooner or later of their composing expertise study the talent of writing music by hand – at the very least in accordance to Bioshock composer Garry Schyman.

If you’d like to go this route, I like to recommend this very moderately-priced pocket book of manuscript paper. Or you may simply print some right here.

Beyond simply feeling actually subtle, there are deep ear coaching advantages to composing sport music by hand with out assistance from an instrument.

This follow forces you to depend on your thoughts’s ear. That is to say, when you could have a notation software program that performs again to you what you’ve transcribed, you’re utilizing “trial-and-error instead of craft,” as Gordy Haab eloquently put it in our interview.

There’s nothing inherently flawed with auditory suggestions. As a newbie, I desperately wanted it, and possibly nonetheless want it.

But there are unbelievable advantages to listening to the music in your head and placing it on paper with out using an instrument.

If you may grasp that talent, it will improve your skill to compose “on-the-fly” and do the heavy lifting of association in your thoughts earlier than sitting down at a piano or DAW.

Music Notation Software

As rewarding as it is to handwrite scores, notation software program has numerous benefits over the previous-faculty technique.

For one, you may play again your notation to examine your work. To the above level, that’s not at all times an excellent factor, however for me simply beginning out, it was essential.

I realized music by ear and had zero expertise studying notation, so for my first few transcriptions, this fixed suggestions was important and certainly prevented many errors.

Transcription software program retains issues very neat and tidy, and you’ll simply delete, change, copy, paste, shorten or in any other case manipulate observe knowledge.

These alterations take numerous erasing and rewriting within the previous-faculty technique however might be executed with a couple of clicks in most packages.

Also, most packages received’t allow you to exceed your allotted variety of beats per measure, including an additional layer of tutelage as you study beat values and rhythms.

MuseScore is a free, open-supply notation program. If you don’t have it, obtain it proper now. It’s superb.

The trade normal for skilled-grade, live performance-prepared sheet music might be Sibelius, adopted carefully by Finale, however each have a hefty price ticket for hobbyists and people beginning out on their transcription journey.

Note: Avid lately put out a “lite” model of Sibelius that solely permits 4 staves directly. I’ve not explored this but, however I’m planning to quickly.

If you’re , obtain it without cost right here and let me know the way you want it.

For what it’s price, I haven’t come throughout a single transcription process that MuseScore couldn’t deal with with ease. There are some… odd design quirks that take some getting used to, however it is free in spite of everything.

They’ve additionally acquired a thriving on-line group and a growth crew that actually listens so as to make the software program higher.

As with most open-supply packages, the boards are brimming with passionate MuseScore customers. The group is fast to reply tech assist questions and take suggestions.

I lately found a browser-based mostly notation app referred to as Flat.io. The technological panorama is quickly transferring to a cloud- and browser-based mostly philosophy, so that is positively the longer term.

I haven’t been in a position to vet out this specific software, however it seems to be fairly rad, particularly the flexibility to collaborate on a rating on-line.

Whatever software program you select is finally inconsequential, as all of them do the identical issues with completely different workflows.

An Instrument

As famous above, transcribing with out assistance from an instrument is nice ear coaching follow, however it’s not straightforward and would possibly discourage you in the event you’re new at transcription.

For this motive, I like to recommend utilizing an instrument like a guitar or piano in your first dozen or so transcriptions. At least, till you’re feeling snug notating issues by ear.

Sometimes, once I really see how the track performs out on a piano or guitar, this additionally helps me within the chord-naming and evaluation portion.

MuseScore permits enter from a MIDI keyboard, which makes issues even sooner if in case you have one. I normally notate the whole lot utilizing my MIDI keyboard, however doing it with a pc keyboard is kind of consumer-pleasant as properly.

matt kenyon composing video game music at his desk

YouTube

Just about any track might be discovered without cost on YouTube. The actual profit comes from some helpful options that allow you to manipulate playback for transcription.

Click the Settings icon on any YouTube video to regulate the velocity of the video. This might be useful when making an attempt to select notes in a blazingly quick solo or discerning difficult intervals.

You also can use keys just like the spacebar to pause and play and the arrow keys to skip forwards and backwards. The velocity adjustment keyboard shortcut is Shift + < for slower playback and Shift + > for sooner playback.

Technically, with YouTube on one facet of your display and notation program on the opposite, you’d be all set to deal with nearly any transcription process thrown your approach.

In reality, in his transcription reside stream of the Dolphin Shoals sax solo, that’s all 8-bit makes use of.

Taking this idea to the subsequent degree is TuneTranscriber, one of the useful instruments I’ve ever found.

It’s a free net app that enables you to add a track from an MP3 file, or much more conveniently, a YouTube video.

Once uploaded, there are tons of the way to manipulate the audio to make it simpler to transcribe.

In addition to slowing it down or dashing it up with out altering pitch, you can too set particular loop factors and cycle them with breaks of silence in between every playthrough.

These guys actually considered the whole lot.

This is simply scratching the floor on the whole lot TuneTranscriber can do, and though there’s a paid model, the free model is packed filled with the whole lot you would possibly want for transcription.

For actually troublesome songs the place YouTube skipping received’t minimize it, look no additional.

There are numerous platforms that allow you to hear to online game music on-line, however Cirrus Retro has a sport-altering (heh) characteristic: the flexibility to mute and solo system channels.

Ever surprise how Angel Island Zone from Sonic 3 was so intricately layered?

This software permits you to solo every instrument for exact transcription and evaluation. This goes for any sport on any retro system: the Super Nintendo, Gameboy, Gameboy Advance, Sega Genesis, NES, even the Dreamcast.

Some might name it dishonest, however the final aim isn’t to be the most effective transcriber however to have an correct transcription (and to attempt to have just a little enjoyable).

If there’s a specific software you utilize to transcribe (I do know there are a ton on the market), please let me know within the feedback beneath.

If you adopted my urged motion gadgets within the final weblog put up, it’s best to have picked out a chunk that you simply’ve listened to a number of occasions and are chomping on the bit to transcribe.

Download your transcription software program of alternative, load it up, and let’s get began!

Let’s transcribe Yoshi’s Island! A step-by-step information

If transcription is an arduous hike, analyzing that transcription is the breathtaking view on the prime of the mountain.

There’s nothing higher than transcribing a chunk and diving contained in the thoughts of the composer, plumbing the depths of what makes it nice.

It appears like digging for buried treasure and is nearly as pleasant as enjoying the music on an instrument.

Here’s the step-by-step course of we’ll be going over as we transcribe and analyze a chunk collectively:

  • Stating your targets and speculation
  • Preparing your transcription
  • Transcribing a lead sheet
  • Reducing a lead sheet (optionally available)
  • Naming the chords
  • Analyzing your completed transcription
  • Remaking the piece (optionally available)

Stating your targets and speculation

I’ve discovered that going right into a transcription session with a definite aim in thoughts is the easiest way to get essentially the most out of the complete course of. What do I mean by “goal”?

Well, as I alluded to within the motion gadgets of the final put up, it’s essential to ask your self why you need to transcribe the piece you’ve chosen. Obviously, there are goal causes aside from “it sounds cool.”

I’ll let you know why I would like to transcribe the Yoshi’s Island Map Theme. Well, for one, it’s quick and serves as a succinct case research for transcription.

But if I have been to dive deeper, I’d say my aim is to determine how the underlying concord of the piece (the chord adjustments, actually) assist the aesthetic of Yoshi’s Island. The sport is hand-drawn, childlike, and upbeat.

Yet, it nonetheless retains that signature Koji Kondo groove that’s current in all of the earlier Mario titles.

My speculation is that this has one thing to do with the playful instrumentation. Remember the scientific technique from elementary faculty?

Like any good scientist, our aim is to conduct experiments that both show or disprove our speculation.

As you hear to your piece a couple of occasions, jot down these ideas on a chunk of paper or empty textual content doc. With our aim and speculation recorded, we’re prepared to put together our transcription!

Preparing Your Transcription

Before you dive into your notation program of alternative, there are some things you are able to do to make your life simpler as a transcriber. I like to recommend determining three key items of musical knowledge earlier than transcribing:

Time signature

It’s essential to perceive your time signature earlier than you begin transcribing, particularly when coping with odd meters like 3/4 or 6/8 (and even weirder stuff than that).

Most online game music is in 4/4 time, however it’s essential to hear to the track, depend the beats in every measure and make a psychological observe of this going into your transcription course of.

What I like to do is faucet out what I consider the time signature is with my foot (within the Map Theme it’s 4/4), after which faucet out the melody with my hand on my desk.

This takes a little bit of follow, however I’ve efficiently confirmed the track to be in 4/4 time. As a facet observe, this tapping train has additionally revealed that the melody is closely syncopated (emphases are positioned on the weak beats or in between beats).

I’ll maintain this in thoughts for the evaluation section.

Key signature

If you may determine what key your track is in earlier than you begin transcribing, it will prevent a ton of grief and doubtlessly spare you from coping with pointless accidentals (sharps and flats).

Finding the tonic (key middle) takes just a little little bit of ear coaching, however most frequently, it’s the primary chord within the kind. Playing together with the track on a piano or guitar is the easiest way to determine this out.

I want I may assist extra right here, however the most effective I can supply is while you play or sing a observe that appears like “home,” that’s possible the tonic and subsequently the important thing middle.

If you’re having bother, there are a couple of different methods to determine the tonic, as illustrated by proficient saxophonist and YouTuber Jeff Schneider in this video.

Tempo and kind

If you’re utilizing software program, you clearly need the tempo of your transcription venture to be as comparable as doable to the tempo of the track.

I really like this Tap Tempo software, which not solely permits me to faucet in tempos but additionally retains observe of my beats (this can turn out to be useful quickly).

The very first thing I normally do is pull up my track of alternative in a separate window on YouTube or TuneTranscriber.

This subsequent half requires a little bit of keyboard and mouse finesse. Put your mouse cursor into the faucet tempo textual content field on the BPM counter software, then click on on the YouTube video to start playback.

Quickly click on again to the BPM counter and look ahead to the shape to loop (most YouTube movies have looping variations of those songs).

As the track loops again to the start, I start tapping my spacebar to the beat, till the track reaches completion or the loop level as soon as once more.

If you miss a couple of beat faucets right here or there, it’s not a giant deal. As lengthy as you get the estimated quantity of beat faucets, you’ll be set to begin outlining the shape in your notation software program.

Here are my outcomes from the Yoshi’s Island Map Theme:

Using this technique, I tapped out 18 beats within the kind, with a median tempo of 121 BPM (as seen within the display seize).

Now, in the event you adopted the above steps, it’s best to know your time signature, which within the case of this piece, is 4/4.

Logically, if there are 4 beats in a measure, we are able to divide our whole variety of beats by 4 and the consequence can be what number of measures we want to create for the shape. In this case, 18/4 = 4.5.

That .5 measure possible accounts for one measure of two/4 that acts as a turnaround for the loop.

So now, when MuseScore or Sibelius prompts us to give some rudimentary details about our rating, we’re arrange for fulfillment realizing:

  • The time signature is 4/4
  • The key middle is G (one sharp)
  • The BPM is 121
  • There are 4 measures of 4/4 and one measure of two/4 on the finish

It drastically hastens your workflow to have a transparent blueprint of the track from begin to end. This saves your artistic vitality for the exhausting work of transcription and simply feels nice.

Transcribing a lead sheet

A lead sheet is actually a chunk of music diminished to its core musical components.

This means it comprises solely essentially the most fundamental rhythmic, harmonic, and melodic content material wanted to talk the “essence” of the piece.

This is an ideal place to begin for transcribers, and Gordy Haab talked about that is how he began transcribing the Star Wars rating for his work on the Battlefront video games.

It’s straightforward to get misplaced within the weeds transcribing arpeggios and interior voices. What we wish is the core musical knowledge of the piece, after which we are able to resolve if we wish to go farther from there.

During our interview, Gordy outlined a really useful course of for making a lead sheet.

Let’s observe his course of collectively as I transcribe the Map Theme from Yoshi’s Island.

Check out the Transcription and Analysis Cheat Sheet for a fast reference you may have by your facet each time you transcribe.

First, transcribe the melody

9 occasions out of 10, the obvious factor you’ll hear in a chunk is the melody. Transcribing the melody first is an effective way to heat up your ears for the more difficult interior voices.

Use TuneTranscriber or YouTube to play the track (using the gradual-down perform, if want be), and transcribe the melody.

Starting out, I like to recommend taking it beat-by-beat, not measure-by-measure. Slow down the piece till you may depend out “one – ee – and – ah -” at a snug tempo.

“One” marks the start of the beat, “and” marks the center level of the beat (eighth observe), and the “ee” and “ah” mark the sixteenth observe subdivisions of the beat.

I’m going to use this follow to depend out the primary beat of the Yoshi’s Island theme. First, I’ll gradual it down, after which depend it out. I discover once I depend it out that there are notes on the “one – ee – and” however not the ultimate sixteenth observe “ah.”

“Boppa Ba Ba!”

I’d notate that like this:

The second measure, counting good and gradual, hits the melody on these beats:

Two – ee – and – ah”

This straight eighth observe pair supplies a pleasant distinction from the syncopation in each the earlier and subsequent measure.

I’d notate it like this:

If you want a refresher on how to write musical notation correctly, I like to recommend this beneficial video by 12tone.

Going beat-by-beat, slowly however certainly, I find yourself with this transcribed melody:

Second, transcribe the concord

The subsequent step in Gordy’s course of is to transcribe the chords.

For previous programs just like the SNES, NES, or Genesis, chords can typically be voiced in uncommon or particularly funky methods due to the constraints of the {hardware}.

Because of this, it’s typically a good suggestion to transcribe every voice individually, beginning with the bass observe.

This sort of goes past the bounds of a lead sheet, however in the event you’re unsure what the chords are, it might be useful to get the whole lot down “on paper” and analyze the concord later.

Here’s the Map Theme with the bass transcribed. Note how there are not any chords labels but as a result of lots of the interior voices inform what chords we’ll be naming.

Third, transcribe the interior voices

The final step could be transcribing a few of these hard-to-hear interior voices, which needs to be a bit simpler now that you’ve got the highest boundary (the melody) and the underside boundary (the bassline) transcribed.

It’s particularly useful to use an instrument as you determine these pitches, and don’t be afraid to reference Game Music Appreciation (for retro tunes) to isolate the channels to double-examine your accuracy.

This is the a part of transcription that can actually practice your interior ear and push you to your musical limits. It’s exhausting work!

Here’s the complete Map Theme with the interior voices transcribed. Full disclosure, I referenced Game Music Appreciation to double-examine my work. No disgrace!

Sidenote: Reducing to a Lead Sheet

It’s essential to observe right here that in the event you’re transcribing an orchestral piece for the aim of musical evaluation, there’s an additional step between the transcription and evaluation phases referred to as discount.

Let’s say you need to transcribe the Main Title Theme from Bioshock. You meticulously hear to every part of the orchestra and transcribe as you go.

The subsequent factor you realize, you could have 16+ staves with extra notes than your mind can comprehend directly.

Don’t be a hero and check out to analyze this as-is. Reduce it!

(This additionally applies to VGM items that embody numerous advanced elements, voices, or in any other case convoluted association decisions.)

How on this planet are you able to analyze one thing like this? Answer: scale back it.

I’m pulling this straight from Wikipedia:

“In music, a reduction is an arrangement or transcription of an existing score or composition in which complexity is lessened to make analysis, performance, or practice easier or clearer; the number of parts may be reduced or rhythm may be simplified, such as through the use of block chords.”

When Gordy Haab was charged to write music for the brand new Star Wars Battlefront sequence, he knew he wanted to dive deep into the thoughts of John Williams via diligent transcription and discount.

What he already knew, and what you’ll discover in the event you follow this craft, is that many sections of an orchestra are enjoying the identical factor. Sometimes in octaves, generally in unison.

“[Reduction] is like stripping a house down to its blueprint,” he mentioned. “It’s the best way to truly understand how an orchestral piece functions.”

Trying to analyze a full orchestral rating, particularly when coping with devices just like the trumpet and french horn which can be transposed into different keys, generally is a actual headache with out discount.

musical reduction like a blueprint

Plus, there’s no higher approach to hone your orchestral association chops than by lowering orchestral items and learning how they work.

Here’s Gordy’s course of for discount, taken straight from our interview:

  • Start by combining all of the winds (the primary part in typical rating order)
  • Reduce every part sequentially (percussion is usually only for coloration, however pay attention to which elements percussion is accenting)
  • Continue till you scale back the rating down to one piano grand workers, perhaps two on the most
  • Sometimes ornamentations like woodwind runs will disappear. That’s okay, you’re making an attempt to seize the important harmonic and melodic info of the piece

“I had assignments in university where I had to reduce scores down to the piano. You learn a ton about orchestration that way,” Gordy mentioned.

“For example, I learned in John Williams’ music that the 4th trumpet would often double french horns playing in unison. This subtle shift in timbre is part of what makes Williams’ music great. I would’ve never noticed that if I hadn’t reduced it down to the simple ingredients of what’s being played regardless of the instruments playing them.”

He additionally advisable a intelligent train for composers trying to construct take their association expertise to the subsequent degree.

“One thing I’ll do is actually break it back out to full orchestra after I’ve reduced it. This time, I’m orchestrating it my way without regard for the original. Then, I compare the two. It’s just a great exercise to hone your craft.”

Okay, again to our Map Theme!

Identifying and Naming Chord Tones

Now that we’ve acquired our uncooked musical knowledge on paper, it’s time to title some chords. Why hassle naming chords, you ask?

Without chords, it’s a problem to discern harmonic patterns.

Some chord names are apparent, however I discovered myself majorly tripped up by this step once I first began transcribing.

Which pitches make up the chord and that are simply a part of the melody? How do I do know if a bar wants one chord, two chords, or extra? How can I “feel” the adjustments and notate them accordingly?

8-bit Music Theory analyzes online game music for a residing. As such, he’s developed a stable chord-naming course of.

You’ll quickly develop your individual course of as you transcribe increasingly, however for now, let’s observe Mr. Theory as a place to begin (bear in mind how a lot I really like copying?).

Which pitches make up the concord of the bar?

One of the largest challenges within the harmonic evaluation of transcription is deciphering which notes in a composition make up the underlying concord, and which notes are melodic elaborations.

One of the useful methods to crack this code is to arrange notes in “stacks of thirds,” or logical groupings that assist higher illuminate their perform.

For a short refresher, a 3rd is an interval (two notes) three letter names aside. For instance, A to C is a minor third, F# to A# is a significant third, and D♭ to F is a significant third.

The motive I do know every of those are both minor or main is a combination of scale data (what makes up the A, F#, and D♭ minor and main scales), but additionally how minor and main thirds are fashioned.

The formulation for main thirds is entire step – entire step. Meaning you progress one entire step from D to E♭, then yet one more entire step from E♭ to F. That’s why D♭ to F is a significant third.

Likewise, the formulation for minor 3rds is entire step – half step. Which is why within the case of A to C, we transfer one entire step from A to B, then one half step from B to C. There’s our minor third!

Sidenote: If all of those sounds utterly international to you, I’d advocate brushing up on at the very least the fundamentals of chord building right here

8-bit graciously opened the kimono on his course of for deciding how to prioritize sure notes as chord tones. Here’s what he advised me:

  • Look at a measure and see if a chord jumps out at you (generally it’s apparent)
  • If it’s not apparent, take the entire notes within the bar and see in the event you can prepare them in a approach that makes both a scale or chord. Sometimes it might be useful to write out the bass observe as “1,” and the following notes as scale levels relating again to that observe. (C, F#, G, D could be written as 1, #4, 5, 9.)
  • After rearranging these notes, search for key intervals that outline chord high quality like 3rds or 7ths. If you may’t discover any of these, attempt one other pitch because the bass observe.
  • Still no luck? Take solely the notes which can be emphasised (normally discovered on the beat, however not at all times) and repeat steps 2 and three with simply these notes
  • If this nonetheless doesn’t work, isolate simply the notes discovered on beats 1 and three (robust beats) and repeat step 2 and 1 with simply these notes
  • If this one way or the other nonetheless doesn’t work, then you definately in all probability want two chord symbols per bar

Following this course of will provide help to logically group collectively pitches. Some items demand one chord image per bar, others demand two.

The Map Theme really feels greatest with 4 chord adjustments, as we’ll discover quickly. A whole lot of this comes with expertise, follow, and “feeling” the adjustments.

Sidenote: for these of you who play guitar or piano, I typically suppose to myself as I’m transcribing, “if I were performing this song live, where would it feel appropriate to change chords?”

It’s sort of a subjective technique, however this has gotten me out of many difficult chord-naming conditions.

Want a helpful information as you transcribe and analyze your items? I made this Transcription, Reduction, and Analysis Cheat Sheet so you may have a step-by-step guidelines the subsequent time you transcribe!

Chord Naming Process

Once you perceive the way you would possibly group your pitches collectively, it’s time to title the chords themselves.

The precedence for naming chords is normally as follows (extrapolated from this website):

  • Start with the basis of the chord
  • If the third diploma is minor, write m subsequent to it, in any other case, write nothing
  • If the seventh diploma is minor, put 7. If it is main put maj7. Otherwise, write nothing
  • If there isn’t a third diploma, search for a 2 or a 4, and write sus4 or sus2 after the 7
  • If the fifth diploma is ideal, write nothing. If it is diminished, write♭5, if it is augmented write ♯5. Sometimes a chord might have each♭5 and ♯5.
  • Next, the ninth diploma. If it is ideal, erase the 7 and write a 9 as a substitute. If it is minor, write♭9. If no 7 is included, write add9.
  • Next, the eleventh diploma. If it is ideal, erase the 7 or 9 and write an 11 as a substitute. If it is augmented, put ♯11. If no 7 is included, write add11.
  • Next, the thirteenth diploma. If it is ideal, erase the 7, 9, 0r 11 and write a 13 as a substitute. If it is minor, put♭13. If no 7 is included, write add13.

Using this technique, we’ve efficiently recognized and named this chord as Am7! Nice!

However, not all chords are going to be this easy. For instance, take the chord on this bar.

Let’s observe 8-bit’s course of and see what we discover.

When we spell out the pitches, right here’s what we get (together with their corresponding scale levels):

D, E, C, B

1, 2, 7, 13

Now let’s search for 3rds, after which 7ths. Hmm, so there aren’t any 3rds, and there’s a seventh in there, so our preliminary impulse is likely to be to label this as a D7 chord.

But upon additional examination, we additionally see that B in there, making it a D13. But then there’s additionally no third in there, so we want to be sure that’s mirrored within the chord.

3rds are tremendous essential as a result of they outline the standard (both main or minor) of a chord. Right now, this chord may technically be both, although it’s almost certainly main.

So we would find yourself with one thing like D13sus2, which is a really unusual chord and certain received’t assist us a lot in our evaluation section.

Sometimes it’s good to again up and never essentially begin on the bass observe, however cut up up the “right and left hands” so to communicate, and use slash chords.

If a chord is constructed on prime of a bass observe clearly distinct in high quality from the remainder of the chord, you could select to write a slash chord.

In the case of the above chord, the proper hand is enjoying 2/3 of a Cmaj7 chord (the daring pitches), and the bass is hitting a D. Let’s take one other look:

D, (E, C, B)

1, 2, 7, 13

A Cmaj7 chord is made up of C, E, G, and B.

All of these pitch necessities are met on this chord (other than the implied fifth, G, which we don’t actually need).

Because of this, my choice is to write this chord as Cmaj7/D.

This additionally simplifies issues in a reside musical setting the place a musician or group of musicians can separate the bass from the opposite voices of the chord. It makes at-a-look evaluation rather a lot simpler, as properly.

Helpful chord figuring out instruments

I like to recommend that earlier than you flip to any on-line instruments, you set in your considering cap and provides the above course of a university attempt.

But like I mentioned earlier, the aim is to have an correct transcription. So in the event you’re completely stumped or simply need to examine your work (I like to recommend it), punch your pitches into this Chord Identifier software.

chord identifier

When it spits out your reply, don’t simply enter it into your transcription. Click on the chord and research why that chord is called that approach, and what went flawed together with your preliminary evaluation. It’s the easiest way to develop as a music theorist and chord namer!

Some chords are open to interpretation

Don’t let anyone let you know there’s just one approach to title chords. This is the place the method of musical evaluation will get gray and subjective.

I’ll offer you an instance.

The different day I used to be transcribing the Muda Kingdom theme from Super Mario Land (nice tune). The first chord change sees the bass shifting from the I (A) to the IV (D), with the melody hitting the B, C# and A.

On first blush, these pitches lined up (D, B, C#, A) would possibly tempt me to label the chord as an Dmaj13.

But once I performed the cluster chord on the keyboard whereas singing the melody (a useful train), I felt like it sounded extra pure as a Dmaj7. I resigned that B the melody hits to a melodic embellishment, not a part of the chord itself.

This may be very a lot a “lead sheet” philosophy. If there are not any altered tones (♭9, #11, and so forth.), that essentially change the tonal coloration of the chord, it’s typically greatest to title the chord a significant 7 or dominant 7. This leaves the elaborations up to the discretion of the participant or the melody.

What do you suppose? You might disagree, as I think about some individuals love to label precisely what the pitches are implying (together with elaborations). I have a tendency to have a looser view of this, particularly as a result of I’ve performed with numerous bands and like to depart room for surprises. 🙂

Roman Numeral Analysis

My favourite a part of analyzing music is conducting a Roman Numeral Analysis. If transcription is the arduous hike up the mountain, evaluation the view from the mountaintop, Roman Numeral Analysis is the selfie you’re taking to make all your pals jealous.

After I’m assured my chord symbols are as correct as they’ll ever be, I print out my sheet music and begin marking issues up with a pen.

Whatever key the track is in, I notate as a “one” chord. Except I don’t write “one,” I write “I” or “i,” relying on if the track is in a significant or minor key (uppercase for main, lowercase for minor).

From there, each scale diploma relates again to that I chord ultimately. For instance, if I’m again in the important thing of C main, I’d label all Dm chords “ii,” all G7 chords “V7,” and all F main chords “IV.”

Each Roman numeral relates again to how these chords perform in relation to the tonic chord.

Musictheory.internet has a radical, concise tutorial on Roman Numeral Analysis right here. I extremely advocate you examine it out!

The motive why that is essential is that I’m not a lot involved with the precise chords, however their perform. This is what Roman Numeral Analysis helps me uncover.

A ii – V – I cadence has the identical perform in each key, and in order for you to get on the underlying skeleton of a track, that is the easiest way to do it.

I can’t overstate how essential that is in studying style-particular cliches and the way they’re utilized in actual compositions, in addition to the idea behind how tonal music works.

Using the circle of fifths

The circle of fifths and I’ve gone via a rocky relationship. From slight curiosity to gentle indifference to offended rivalry, to real love.

The Circle actually does comprise the whole lot you want to find out about harmonic evaluation and extra. It’s just like the golden ratio or yin-yang of music.

circle of fifths

Everything in excellent stability. Everything in concord and symmetry.

I may write a complete weblog put up about how to use it for evaluation (and I’ll), however for now, listed below are a couple of basic items to know as you reference this superb software in your evaluation course of:

  1. The circle strikes clockwise in fifths, and counter-clockwise in fourths (every chord resolves to the chord within the counterclockwise path)
  2. The relative minor of every key’s three steps to the proper of a given chord (Am is three steps from C)
  3. Drawing a line straight throughout the circle produces a tritone (C to F#)
  4. The chromatic mediant chord (typically utilized in movie scores) is three steps to the left of a given chord (C to Eb)
  5. Starting 5 steps to the proper of a chord and sequentially transferring counterclockwise again to the important thing middle will produce the highly regarded and efficient viio – iii – vi – ii – V7 – I chord development (Bo, Em, Am, Dm, G7, C)
  6. Drawing an equilateral triangle beginning on the key middle produces a Coltrane Matrix (chromatic third relations), an excellent spicy jazz development popularized by John Coltrane himself

I may go on and on about how nice of a software that is for writing, what number of artistic blocks this factor has rescued me from, and the way I uncover new issues about it each day.

I’ll restrain myself and save that for one more put up.

I encourage you to begin viewing the music you analyze via the lens of the Circle of Fifths.

I typically reference it as I’m doing a Roman Numeral Analysis to make sure that I’m correct.

After the evaluation, I’ll look via the circle of fifths to see what patterns the track follows.

For instance, once I analyzed the Menu Themes from the NES and SNES Classic, I made a video about how they traversed the circle of fifths in tremendous distinctive methods (and even composed a chunk in the identical model).

[Update] Introduction to Transcribing Music | what does it mean to transcribe music – Cazzette

Introduction to Transcribing Music

1. What Does it Mean to Transcribe Music?

What I’m speaking about right here is the method of understanding how to play and/or write out a chunk
of music beginning with only a recording of the piece – a commercially launched CD maybe. We would
normally be speaking about non-classical music as most classical music might be obtained as printed music.

You may even hear classical musicians communicate of “transcribing” to mean adapting
a chunk of music written for one instrument to be performed on one other. Thus when John Williams
performs Scarlatti sonatas (initially written for keyboard) on the guitar, these could be referred to as
“transcriptions” though he did not want to work them out from a recording as a result of
you should purchase the printed sheet music (for keyboard) in a store. Non-classical musicians do not
typically use the phrase this manner as a result of they usually rearrange music for their very own mixture
of devices on a regular basis anyway.

The effort concerned in transcribing music from recordings varies enormously relying
on the complexity of the music, how good you ear is and the way detailed you need your
transcription to be. If you merely need to write down the chords to a quite simple track
then in case your ear is nice you could give you the option to scribble them down in actual time whereas the
music is enjoying. At the opposite excessive in case you are making an attempt an in depth transcription of
advanced music then it can take hours to transcribe a single minute of music.

By the best way, “the dots” is an abbreviation that means the written-out music,
due to the visible look of written music as dots on a stave.

2. Why Transcribe Music?

Often, it’s since you need to play a tune however you do not have the dots for it, you solely
have a recording. Of course you would possibly begin by in search of the dots (if it’s a jazz tune attempt the
Fake Book Index)
however if you cannot discover them what are you going to do? Also, even when yow will discover the dots they
will typically be a disappointment in comparison to the model you have been listening to and
having fun with. Good gamers will normally make extra out of a chunk than the usual printed
dots will present, so you should have to hear to the recording to discover out what they’re doing.
I’m speaking about reharmonisation, embellishing chords, added figures and riffs, good bass-line
motion, voice main, and so forth.

Jazz musicians regard transcribing as an essential academic technique. Jazz has a
robust emphasis on listening and improvising. Transcribing different individuals’s improvised solos
is nice for enhancing your ear and likewise for gaining perception into the musical concepts they use.

There are additionally fairly plenty of skilled transcribers round. For occasion,
in the event you purchase the sheet music for a well-liked track then this music will typically have been
transcribed from the report by an expert who works for the writer.

3. Prerequisites

As far as your individual musicianship is worried let’s imagine that there’s just one prerequisite
which is the flexibility to inform whether or not your transcription is correct or flawed while you play it and
examine it to the unique. The extent to which you actually cannot inform is the extent of doable
inaccuracy in your transcription. As lengthy as you inform, you may maintain working at it
till your transcription sounds proper. How lengthy this takes is determined by your ear. If you might be having
issue determining the chords then it is likely to be they’re too advanced for you. Don’t despair
nonetheless. Some individuals appear to develop ear in a short time however I feel most individuals can
develop ear in time so long as they maintain working at it. I feel that it’s crucial to
play a chordal instrument (piano or guitar) so as to perceive chords and recognise their
sound. When I used to be beginning out, a 7#9 chord sounded to me like a pleasantly scrunchy
sound however I would not have a clue what the chord was. After a couple of years enjoying the guitar and
utilizing such chords, an affiliation develops within the thoughts between enjoying a 7#9 and the actual
flavour of the sound that comes out. Now once I hear somebody play a 7#9 I recognise it instantly
as an previous pal. I feel that just about anybody can study this type of familiarity with chords however for many
of us it does not occur by magic and it does not occur in a single day, it’s the results of years of enjoying,
practising, listening and certainly transcribing.

Familiarity with the musical model is likely one of the greatest components in making it straightforward to transcribe. If you
have performed numerous music in the identical model because the piece you are transcribing then you definately’ll discover it a lot
simpler to perceive what they’re doing. An anecdote : once I was about 15 and knew nearly nothing
I attempted to transcribe Charles Mingus’s “Jelly Roll” from the album “Ah Um”.
Listening to it now it’s completely apparent that it’s a blues (14 bar so far as I bear in mind) however I did not
know that then. I listened exhausting to what the piano participant does, considering that may inform me what the
chords are. What I did not know is that in this type of music, jazz piano gamers sometimes play all types
of notes with the proper hand which do not clearly belong to the chord. If the essential concord at some
specific level is, say, C7 then nearly any observe besides B can be utilized to assemble a concord which
would possibly work on this model. If you do not perceive this then making an attempt to work out the chords from the pianist’s
proper hand is a recipe for catastrophe (I ought to have began with the bass line). My remaining consequence had the
melody appropriate however the chord symbols I got here up with have been completely flawed and unusable. I’m not
suggesting that it was wasted effort although. You have to settle for that your first efforts can be of uncertain
worth however all of us have to begin someplace and in the event you persevere you’ll enhance.

As far as tools is worried, clearly you want a way of enjoying the recording to hear to it.
Some methods are simpler than others for the aim of transcribing and each transcriber has their very own
favorite approach of working. Here are my views.

  • Vinyl

    This was the one choice again within the stone age. No “loop” facility, very troublesome to play from a
    particular level within the piece and a gradual hand wanted for lifting the needle and placing it again down once more
    with out damaging the report. This was transcribing for heroes. On the opposite hand in the event you had a participant with
    16 RPM velocity you could possibly gradual the music down for the fiddly bits. Some gamers (the Garrard 401 as an illustration)
    allowed positive management over the velocity, helpful for tuning adjustment.

  • Cassette

    I thought-about this to be a giant step ahead, and used a Walkman fairly closely for the aim.
    Advantages : portability, the tape counter which though inaccurate does give some concept of
    the place you might be, and the simpler begin/cease/rewind controls. You may hear to the identical bit once more
    by briefly urgent the rewind button whereas in play mode which was very helpful. Slow down was
    not doable but when I actually wanted it I’d copy to my two-velocity reel-to-reel machine then
    copy again to cassette at half velocity so my cassette tape would then have two variations, one among them
    full velocity and the opposite half velocity.

  • CD/MiniDisc

    Finally the digit was found (within the Peruvian jungle on the far finish of the Andes) and tamed.
    These gadgets give correct timing indication for the primary time so you actually can discover any given
    level reliably. The dearer fashions may even loop and a few even allow tuning adjustment
    and velocity adjustment. If you select the proper mannequin then these are glorious transcription instruments.

  • Computer Software – Transcriber’s Assistants

    These days just about all desktop computer systems are able to recording and enjoying audio and
    there are numerous pc based mostly participant packages meant to provide help to transcribe music. You
    could also be conscious that we (Seventh String Software) promote one referred to as Transcribe!, and you can see
    hyperlinks to numerous others right here.
    The options supplied by such packages are restricted solely by the creativeness of this system
    designer (and naturally by what is technically doable). It is common to give you the option to set a number of
    loop factors, regulate tuning and decelerate the music with out pitch change.
    Transcribe! also can analyse
    the sound and can try to guess the notes being performed, and certainly
    the chords too. On some sorts of fabric this may be very helpful.

  • Computer Software – Automatic Transcription

    The most formidable packages try to really do the transcribing for you, processing an
    audio file and outputting MIDI or musical notation. I love their braveness in making the try,
    however my impression is that they aren’t actually all that helpful. On music the place a number of notes are
    being performed on the identical time by a number of devices (i.e. nearly all music!) they make so many
    errors that it’s troublesome to see them as helpful for severe functions. You will discover hyperlinks
    right here,
    and likewise see right here for an extra reflection
    of mine on this topic, however we is not going to focus on them additional on this doc.

This doc is a dialogue of how to transcribe music no matter what system you utilize
for enjoying the music on.

4. Transcribing

First attempt to pay money for the dots! Some individuals will let you know you should not as a result of transcribing is
“good for you”. I actually agree that transcribing is nice for you however in case you are in any respect
energetic musically then there’ll at all times be belongings you need to play for which you’ll’t get the dots,
so I feel it’s best to save your transcribing time and vitality for these. Also, as I discussed above,
in case you are listening to a recording you want then the possibilities are that the sheet music is not going to present
the great issues the musicians are doing which make the recording particular. So you’ll nonetheless find yourself
doing a little transcribing, however the dots might assist as a place to begin.

Map out the construction of the piece – verse, refrain, center part and so forth. Even in the event you do not
intend to transcribe the entire thing it’s typically helpful to have a whole map as a result of if the chords
are unclear to you sooner or later then if you realize that the identical factor occurs elsewhere within the
piece then you could possibly hear to it there – it could also be clearer second time. So hear via the entire
factor making a observe of what occurs the place. For occasion in the event you’re utilizing a CD participant then you definately
may checklist the sections on a chunk of paper with the beginning time of every part taken from the CD
participant’s show so yow will discover it once more. On Transcribe! or different software program which has this functionality,
you’ll place markers.

If crucial then regulate the tuning of the playback to match your instrument. If the playback
system you might be utilizing does not allow this then you could as an alternative give you the option to regulate the tuning of
your instrument to match the piece. By the best way, some individuals advocate transcribing with out
any instrument in your arms, by way of pure ear-energy. That’s nice if you are able to do it however this
doc is aimed toward much less skilled transcribers. I’d advocate having a guitar or
keyboard helpful and consistently checking your transcription by enjoying alongside and asking
your self if it sounds proper.

Now it’s time to begin transcribing. This is slightly like doing a jigsaw. When you do a jigsaw
you begin with the straightforward bits. Once sufficient of those are executed then you may hope that the exhausting bits
will fall into place. In the identical approach, begin your transcription with the issues you may hear simply.
That normally means any distinguished single-observe instrument (together with vocal). Hearing the interior
voices of a chord is difficult so do not begin with that. Start with the melody. Loop it a phrase at a time
and play alongside till you discover the notes. Write them down and transfer on. Then sort out the bass half.
If it is murky or unclear then attempt elevating its pitch – Transcribe! and different packages will enable you to
increase the pitch by an octave with out dashing the music up. This can provide the bass half a lot better
definition. The bass half is essential while you come to determine the chords as a result of bass gamers
often play the basis of the chord, or else the third or fifth, so realizing the bass half provides large
clues to what the chord is. Also keep in mind that if unsure it’s best to hear to different factors within the
piece the place the identical sequence happens, to get a second opinion.

Write down another distinguished riffs and backing figures in the identical approach.

Now begin on the harmonies. This is the toughest half so once more we decide away at it little by little. Pick
out no matter single notes you may hear within the chords – typically the highest observe of a chord is simpler to
distinguish so write down no matter notes you may hear in any of the chords. Often “voice
main” is used in harmony – this is where you hear a prominent note (a “voice”,
however not essentially vocal – may very well be any instrument) within the concord, which strikes to the subsequent observe
above or beneath or stays the identical when the chord adjustments. These are normally straightforward to hear so work
them out and write them down. When you have picked out as many particular notes as you may then you definately
attempt to establish the chords. This is the place your expertise and your data of the musical model
you are coping with make a giant distinction. If you might be skilled within the model then you’ll know
what sorts of chords and chord progressions are possible. The bass line, melody line and prime line
of concord that you’ve got already labored out will slim the probabilities proper down and you’ll
check out the doable chords in your instrument to see what matches. On the opposite hand if the chord is
an altered dominant and you do not know what an altered dominant is then it will not be really easy,
although you should still give you the option to discover one thing that works even when you do not know what to name it.
A helpful method to get additional clues is to attempt enjoying single notes in your instrument, when
the chord comes within the observe. Try a C, does it match? C#? D? When you discover a observe which inserts,
maybe it belongs within the chord. Transcribe!’s spectrum evaluation characteristic can be helpful right here.

The method simply described assumes that your transcription will embody chord symbols however of
course generally you may be aiming for an entire observe-for-observe transcription of the efficiency.
In this case it’s up to you to hear carefully for every observe! It can nonetheless be useful to suppose when it comes to
chords, to assist perceive what is going on.

Here’s a tip (courtesy of Charles Alexander) for figuring out the right key {that a} piece is in.
This typically causes confusion as a result of though for a lot of items the primary chord can be the important thing, there
are many items the place this isn’t so. You ought to look as an alternative on the finish of the piece. Play up to the
finish then whistle a “shave and a haircut” ending like this (written right here in
C main)

Whistle it in no matter key sounds proper for the piece. The final observe of the “shave and
a haircut” ending is the important thing of the piece. This works for main keys. For minor keys I feel
it’s normally true that the beginning chord of the melody is the important thing, except the title comprises the phrase
“Autumn” (Autumn Leaves, Autumn in New York). However simply because a chunk begins
on a minor chord does not mean it’s in a minor key – as an illustration “It Don’t Mean A Thing”
begins on G minor however is in Bb main, because the “shave and a haircut” take a look at reveals.

Here’s a tip for figuring out rhythmic values of quick notes. Suppose somebody performs two notes
fairly rapidly, “duh-duh” and also you’re asking your self are they eighth notes? Sixteenths?
Part of a triplet? The reply is to faucet your hand in time with the quarter-observe pulse of the piece
and sing together with the “duh-duh” notes however prolong them to an countless sequence at
the identical velocity “duh-duh-duh-duh…”. Then all you could have to do is depend what number of match
into 1 / 4 observe. Two? then they’re eighth notes. Six? then they’re triplet sixteenths. For extra
difficult phrases study the phrase so you may sing it precisely, then sing it by yourself
together with your hand tapping the beat (swap off playback) then get slower and subdivide the beat
by tapping your hand extra quickly. When you subdivide the beat into sufficiently small items
then you can see each observe of the phrase can be on one of many subdivisions so by noting how
many subdivisions per quarter observe you might be tapping and which subdivision every observe falls on,
you may work out the rhythm.

Finally, here is a heretical suggestion. If the aim of your transcription is to carry out the piece
your self then keep in mind that it is not crucial in your transcription to be completely correct. If there’s
one thing difficult occurring and also you simply cannot determine it out, keep in mind that it’s at all times an choice
to simply make up one thing else to play at that time! As lengthy as it sounds good, who’s going to complain?

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Chick on Transcribing Chords


In this clip, Chick shares and demonstrates an method to transcribing chords, particularly in the event you’re having issue transcribing advanced ones.
As a part of the brand new Chick Corea Academy, college students are given the chance to ask Chick questions straight, which he takes up throughout his weekly reside workshops.
To study extra in regards to the Academy, go to www.ChickCorea.com/Academy

🎶 The brandnew Chick Corea Academy is now enrolling! Get entry to LIVE weekly workshops with Chick, all of Chick’s previous workshops, weekly releases of uncommon recordings from Chick’s Vault, and extra! Click right here to study extra: www.ChickCorea.com/Academy
Chick’s ebook, “A Work in Progress”, has lately been rereleased! Get your copy right here: bit.ly/A_Work_in_Progress
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See Chick Corea on tour: http://chickcorea.com/concerts/
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You can see extra helpful info right here: See here

Chick on Transcribing Chords

How to Transcribe a Song Free and Fast with AnthemScore


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https://youtu.be/NXaUo25i9Ko
Click right here to see how to transcribe music by ear:
https://youtu.be/GxJTL5QRgCA
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It’s superb the know-how in AnthemScore. You can transcribe a track so simply in the event you give this program AnthemScore an opportunity. Maybe till now you could have transcribed audio, or transcribed music or a track by ear, and when you are fairly good at it, there are elements that simply throw you thru a loop! Maybe there’s a actually quick solo or another a part of the track that’s simply actually exhausting to perceive! Fortunately you may put your ears to relaxation and depend on this pc software program to transcribe your track. It is simple and you will get a free trial of AnthemScore to check out transcribing your songs.
First to transcribe your music, you open up this system. Click file, then open. Open the track that you really want to transcribe. Now you could have the choice of creating it into sheet music too, or you may simply have a spectrogram of your music. If you do not learn sheet music, the spectrogram needs to be adequate for any beginner to determine. You can see the place the purple spots are and simply see which piano key they’re subsequent to! It’s really easy to transcribe audio anymore!
People might attempt to use Audacity to assist them with transcribing their songs, however this technique is way sooner, extra environment friendly, and you might be letting the machine do the exhausting give you the results you want. So do you could have a track that you simply want sheet music for? Do you could have a track that you simply simply need to know the way to play? Get AnthemScore and watch this tutorial for the way to use it! I could put out one other video quickly displaying how I transcribe a track myself by ear. If that’s extra up your alley for transcribing, then stick round and examine that out once I put it out!
Thanks for watching and please LIKE and SUBSCRIBE!

How to Transcribe a Song Free and Fast with AnthemScore

The Dirtiest Clarinet Solo


Download transcriptions without cost at https://georgecolliermusic.com. Check out the Discord!: https://discord.gg/3qxNDA3NCy
Full video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mjr8jZ83vic
Performer: Doreen Ketchens
Transcribed by Tom Pickles
faq:
Q: can I obtain this? / A: sure without cost at https://georgecolliermusic.com
Q: how are you associated to jacob collier? / A: i am not, we simply have the identical final title
Q: how do you transcribe? / A: i take advantage of musescore for notation and ‘Transcribe!’ for beat marking, slowing down and so forth
Q: do you could have excellent pitch? / A: no
Q: the place am i able to counsel movies? / A: https://discord.gg/3qxNDA3NCy

The Dirtiest Clarinet Solo

Why You Should Transcribe Music


In this video we discuss what are the advantages of transcribing music your self as an alternative of purely studying by TABs
Adam Neely’s video:
https://youtu.be/4X7qgBVnMfY
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k7I5lWzDWSI
Rick Beato’s video:
https://youtu.be/bFtTvqASQ9k
Before anybody feedback:
There’s a motive why this video just isn’t referred to as “Why you shouldn’t use TABs”.
Using tablature is an effective way to play one thing rapidly. This helps in the course of the starting phases by increase motivation via shortterm success. It can be helpful when coping with alternate tunings or notating phrasing components which can be exhausting to write down in conventional notation. TABs are nice for that.
My level on this video is that one ought to aspire to look a bit additional than simply the tab numbers. Even in the event you maintain utilizing tablature, by analyzing what you’re enjoying you’re going to give you the option to apply these phrases/licks/grooves to different issues a lot faster and likewise talk the data to different musicians extra effectively

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Why You Should Transcribe Music

How To Transcribe in 7 Steps


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Chad LB is an international recording artist who has toured globally as a bandleader, and with superstars ranging from Chris Botti to Taylor Swift. He has been a featured soloist with premiere ensembles like the Juilliard Jazz Orchestra, and was formerly a member of the multi GRAMMY winning Afro Latin Jazz Orchestra. Despite his demanding tour schedule, Chad is on faculty as a visiting artist at the San Francisco Conservatory of Music for their new Roots, Jazz and American Music degree program.
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How To Transcribe in 7 Steps

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