How To Make A Music Box 2021: Top Complete Guide

How To Make A Music Box 2021 Top Complete Guide

The most important question is: How To Make A Music Box? Is it hard to make? What is the time it takes to finish the job? The informative article below will answer all your questions clearly and precisely.

Do you want to find a thoughtful gift that will be remembered? Cazzette’s suggestion of a music box is a great gift idea if you find it difficult to think.

Although it might seem small, the gift is very valuable and meaningful. A music box can often be interpreted as a symbol of deep emotions, an implicit message of love. The music box’s melodic melody can be used to relieve stress and tension.

The average music box today is quite expensive. Some even cost several hundred dollars. This is too much. We still have a great solution for you to make your music box work at home.

Build a Programmable Mechanical Music Box

Build a Programmable Mechanical Music Box

Step 1: Design and Planning

This project was completely new, so I had to create a perfect design that could be easily manipulated. A good design also reduces waste. I chose oak because it was $60 per 10ft plank, and I didn’t want any to go to waste. It is also very complex, so precision is crucial for everything to work properly.

The idea was simple: A large wooden cylinder can hold metal pegs. It will spin and cause the pegs of metal to pick up metal tines tuned to certain notes.

Since 12 notes were available, I chose to use them all. This allowed me to fill the space with an 8-note scale with some extra high and lower notes.

If I needed some specific tuning, I could tune in sharps or flats. Or I could get nearly all of the chromatic scale in. Because 32 notes were needed to play Pop Goes The Weasel or any other 8-bar song using quarter notes, I chose them “around” the Cylinder.

The 8-inch diameter cylinder is made from softwood and was given to me by a local carpenter. To use the cranking mechanism, I needed a belt to fit around it.

The tine material was taken from the prongs on a garden rake. It is flexible and snaps back in place, which makes it great. So that I could test the design, the tine holder was left up in the air. The initial designs were too complicated and small, but the final design (image 3, below) is as simple as I can make it.

In my initial plans, I wanted to use as much wood as possible for this project. However, wood was not going to provide the precision I needed to make the tines. It was done with my college’s CNC. I show you how this could be done without expensive tools in Step 7.

Place the pieces so that there are as few edges exposed as possible when designing the wooden frame. If you have edges, align them to form borders but still look attractive to the eye.

Step 2: Materials and Tools


  • I started with an oak plank (10ft in length, 8in wide, and 3/4″ thick).
  • 8″ long x 8″ in diameter wood cylinder
  • Aluminum plate
  • Aluminum stock 1″ wide x 1/4″ thick
  • 100 steel pegs
  • 384 1/8 inch diameter by 1/8″ long magnets
  • Rake tines
  • Rubber belt 8 inches
  • Smaller belts
  • 3x gears
  • Carrier bolt and nut
  • Steel rod 1/4″ in length
  • Dowel made of 1/4 inch wood
  • Biscuits
  • Instrument mallet


  • Table saw
  • Band saw
  • Drill press
  • Set of number drills
  • Set of fractional drills
  • Wood glue
  • Clamps
  • Drill bits
  • Cute biscuits
  • Planer
  • 1″ hole saw
  • Polyurethane wood sealant
  • Pliers

* I assume that you are familiar with your planer, table saw, band saw, drill press, and other tools. I won’t get into the details about how the machines work. You should learn how to use machines from someone else and have someone there for safety.

Step 3: Woodwork

It is difficult to find wood in the desired shapes at the lumber yard, so I purchased a 10-foot piece of wood that was 8 feet long. I cut it into three segments measuring 3.3 feet each and glued them together to make a 2 x 3.3-foot oak board.

The plank should be cut into three equal pieces. Next, cut the plank into three equal pieces. 3/4″ is too thick to be used for this small project. Next, use the biscuit cutter to cut biscuit notches and glue them in position. Make sure you mark the locations of your biscuits so that they are not visible after cutting.

It can be glued together and left to dry for 24 hours.

Divide the circumference by 32. Mark 32 lines around the cylinder. Mark 12 holes on each line for each note. You should now drill 384 points.

Set a vice on your drill press bed to drill the cylinder. Place a few rags in the open jaws of the drill press, so the wood doesn’t get scratched. To ensure that the holes are vertically straight, use a string and weight to verify. Use the depth control to drill holes exactly 1 inch deep.

Next, glue a magnetic strip into each hole. This will prevent the pegs from falling out of the drum that holds them upside-down. This is done by placing a magnet at the end of a steel peg and then applying glue. Then push the peg down into the hole. The magnet should protrude 1/8″ from the hole. To ensure it is in contact with the bottom, tap it lightly using a hammer.

Step 4: Woodwork, Pt II

Get back to the computer and create a way to transfer your shape dimensions onto paper. Either export 2D images to your design software and then print them to scale. Or you can simply read the dimensions and mark them on wood with a pencil.

Remember to keep biscuits away from visible edges when placing items on the wood. To maximize your wood yield, it helps to have separate cutouts of your design.

Keep in mind that the table saw blade could consume approximately 1/8 inch of wood, so make sure to leave space between your pieces.

I would like to add a safety precaution. The table saw is a dangerous and extremely dangerous machine. Do not use the table saw if you’re not afraid of it. To be able to use the saw safely, you need to feel a healthy fear. I mean it.

After your pieces have been cut, you will need to drill a few holes. The shaft of the drum and the sound-port holes on its front piece should be drilled. You shouldn’t drill holes in the octagonal parts that will go into the drum until you can find the center.

Now clamp and glue. I will admit that I was working on a tight schedule and needed to complete these parts quickly. I used a nail gun instead. This was a bad idea. Nail guns can cause hardwood splits, so don’t do it. Make sure you take the time to use glue and clamps properly.

Cut a 1.5-inch piece of dowel and 2 inches of dowel to make the crank handle. A piece of oak leftover should be cut into a 2″ x 1/2″ piece. For each side, drill a 1/4 inch hole. Each hole will need one dowel. The machine will accept a 2″ dowel. If the 2″ is too long, it can be cut to fit.

This is how I glued the end pieces to the wooden drum. First, glue wood glue around the first octagon’s outer edge and then lay it flat on a table. Next, place the barrel on top of it and make sure they are seated together. You should align them correctly. Wipe off any glue or excess. Allow it to dry.

Next, use a center-finding device* to locate the center of the drum on this side. To make your shaft diameter, drill 1/4″.

Next, use the second octagon to push the first one flat. Once the glue has dried, push the rod or dowel through the hole at the opposite end. After the glue has dried, locate the middle of the second side. Drill a second hole. Everything should be perfect!

The drum will turn on for the shaft that cut a 12-inch length of 1/4 inch solid steel rod. The ends should be filed so that they are smooth.

Step 5: Mechanics

We now need to work on the crank and mechanical linkages for the drum movement. Because putting the crank at drum level would cause it to hit the table, I needed to design transfer mechanisms that would allow me to place it higher.

I was able to find some plastic gears that matched the rubber belt of 8 inches I had for my drum. Two gears were glued together, and I attached a long bolt to a hole in the box I had drilled.

I made a hole at the end of the box and attached a nut to it. This allowed me to insert machine screws with a captive armor that held a gear at the end. This would allow me to tension the transfer belt, preventing it from slipping and making the crank turn easily.

You can see the result in the image below. It works well, and it isn’t difficult to make custom gears.

It is important to consider how much space you have. The drum was within an inch of the inner wall, so there was not much space between them.

Step 6: Finishing the Wood

I decided to finish the majority of the wood before the deadline because I wouldn’t continue working on it for the next four months and because I didn’t want the wood to become wet or change in shape from the water in the air. To make the wood shine and enhance its color, I applied a few coats of Minwax Polyurethane.

Once the polyurethane has dried, place the 8-inch belt on the drum’s edge. Because the belt was too long, I cut it in half and covered the first row. You can use finishing nails to secure the belt in place if it isn’t held by friction.

Step 7: The Musical Mechanics

This was a challenging engineering problem that lasted quite some time. There were several designs that I tried, but they weren’t practical. I decided to simplify the ideas and create what I believe is the most simple.

The tine is made from a piece of leaf rake steel and is sandwiched between two aluminum sheets. The tine is slightly kinked at its tip. It is approximately the same length as it should be, plus enough to hold the plates in place. Two small screws are used to secure the tine. They pass through the top plate into the threaded holes on the bottom plate.

The bottom plate is then placed on top of a large aluminum plate with slots machined into it. The bottom plate is held against the top by larger slots that have captive nuts.

The screw is inserted into the second plate through the hole.

This allows you to tune the tine length to the right note. The tine holder can then be moved towards the barrel pins and lined up for the perfect amount of plucking force.

For the tine holders, I used 1/4 inch thick aluminum stock. Because I had only 15.3mm space per tine, I cut them down to 15mm width and then made 15mm and 30mm segments.

You can remove the tines from the rake with a hacksaw or angle grinder. However, cutting their lengths can be a tricky task. Their resonating properties will vary depending on their composition, width, thickness, or composition. I cannot give you a list of lengths.

To find the best fit for your tines, you’ll need to cut some. Two pairs of pliers can bend the tips.

To cut the aluminum plate, I used a CNC. Although I realize that CNCs are not for everyone, I had available and the best way to create the design.

If you had to do it with simple tools, I would suggest sandwiching pieces of wood together and using a chisel or a drill to make the holes for the nuts.

Step 8: Final Assembly and Tuning

Tuning can be a tedious process and takes up to an hour. Many scales can be used to tune the tines. I chose to use a few notes from my piano instead. These are:



C4 (Middle C).










The result is a fairly good range of notes that can be used for many little songs such as Mary Had A Little Lamb and Hot Cross Buns.

To tune, arrange the tines according to length and place them in the tine holders. Mount the holders on the aluminum plate but not directly above the drum. To make them resonate well, tighten them. Play the note you wish to tune using a piano or virtual piano. Use a plastic mallet to strike the appropriate tine.

If the tine is too high, remove the screws that hold it in place and move the tine further. Push it further if it is too low when the notes sound right (and you will know when), tighten the tine to ensure it doesn’t slip. Next, place a peg near the drum with the tine holder.

The peg should touch the tine just as it rises; then, you can pluck it. The tine should not bend upwards beyond a few millimeters. You could cause damage to the tines or cause the belts and gears to slip if you apply too much force.

Continue this process until all of the tines have been tuned. To test the scale, place pegs along diagonal lines on the drum.

It’s worth a try! You can try a few songs to see if it sounds good. This machine should be capable of playing music that was written for the recorder. You can make chords, but more complicated ones will require more torque than the crank will permit.

Step 9: Improvements and Considerations

I have to admit that this project didn’t go as planned despite all the effort and time I spent. This is partly due to the extreme precision needed to complete this task properly. This could not be done with wood. It would be impossible to build anything like this again if I tried.

Apart from that, I don’t see any significant flaws in the design. I’d love to hear your suggestions for improvements and enhancements.

DIY Electronic Music Box

Mini DIY electronic music box player. The body is made from wood, while the player is a pre-made DFPlayer mini. An ATtiny13A microcontroller controls it. The box has two buttons that adjust the volume and play different songs each time you open it.


Can you make your own music box?

Although it takes patience and precision to make your music boxes, the process is quite simple. To create your music box, you will need a music box mechanism and a hinged wooden wood box. Simply decorate the hinged box with whatever you want, and then install the music box mechanism.

See more:

How much does it cost to make a music box?

You can find more videos on YouTube. The cost to make this homemade music box was $50. It took five days to complete. To start, you need to purchase a DIY music box kit.

Click here:

Why are music boxes so expensive?

Why are some music boxes so costly? Music boxes can range in price from $30 to $10,000. The price of a music box goes up as more music is added. The more powerful and expensive the mechanical movement within the box, it will be.

Read on:

How long can a music box song be?

These tunes can play 4 bars to 8 bars in 4/4, 3/4, or 4/4 time. This depends on the diameter of your cylinder. (Older mechanisms have larger cylinders. When fully wound, a movement can last for three minutes.



Cazzette believes that making a music box can be as easy as you think. A music box doesn’t need to cost a lot, which can be made at a much lower cost. It makes the music box an important gift given to family members, friends, or even lovers.

Cazzette also offers related articles that will help you save time and effort when searching. To find out more, visit our website. Leave a comment below if you have any questions. The article will be quickly updated to reflect current events.

Maybe You Need To Know: How To Start Making Music 2021

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.